Cusco – Doorway to the Incas
Cusco is an ancient Inca Capital, said to have been founded in 100AD, and has since developed into a major commercial and tourist centre. Almost every street has remains of Inca walls, arches and doorways; the perfect stonework now serving as the foundations for more modern dwellings. It is a city with space and greenery, sunshine and warmth (though it does get very cold at night).
The Incas ruled this part of the world from 11th century until its death in the 16th century and Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire. The indigenous Andean society was based on the village community which was knit by ties of blood to the family and by economic necessity to the land, which was held in common. The Incas conquered huge territories and imposed upon the communities, through an unchallengeable central government, a willing spiritual and economic submission to the State. The common religion was worship of the Sun whose representative on Earth was the Inca King. The mass of people were subjected to rigorous planning for production of agriculture and textiles and other goods and storage barns were erected to house excess, to guard against years of lesser yields. They also built extensive pathways to connect the various parts of their empire and to aid communication. It was a magnificent effort not unlike the achievements of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans.
From Cusco take an excursion along the' Sacred Valley of the Inca's along the River Urubamba.